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Emotional and Behavior Disorders - EBD
Emotional and Behavioral Disorders (EBD) are typically referred to when a child is experiencing emotional problems having behavioral issues. This article helps define emotional and behavioral disorders and what they include such as pica, ODD, ADHD, eating disorders and more.
Introduction Emotional and Behavior Disorders—EBD
Emotional and Behavior Disorders, is also referred to as Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, Behavioral and Emotional Disorders, Mental and Behavioral Disorders, and Emotional Behavioral Disability, also abbreviated EBD. These terms are most often used in education and in reference to children. It is a category that is not precisely defined and about which specialists disagree. In the criteria for special education for children and youths aged 3 to 9, "emotional disturbance" is one of the eligible disabilities.
There is no heading "Emotional and Behavior Disorders" in the DSM-IVR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition Revised), but there are a number of diagnoses in each that may often be considered to fit the Emotional and Behavior Disorders category. The International Classification of Diseases (currently ICD-10), on the other hand, has a section (F90-F98) called "Behavioural and emotional disorders with onset usually occurring in childhood and adolescence."
To gain a greater appreciation of what the term means, we'll now look at both of the two manual of mental health disorders to see what specific diagnoses they characterize as Emotional and Behavior Disorders.
EBD and the ICD
Section F90–F98 of the ICD-10, which has the title mentioned above tying it to our topic, contains seven categories of disorders. Here they are, with clarifying examples of the subtopics:
EBD and the DSM-IVR
The DSM-IVR has a different organizational system for the most closely corresponding section, which it calls "Disorders usually first diagnosed in infancy, childhood, or adolescence." First, it includes learning disabilities that are clearly not emotional or behavioral disorders or disabilities, like autism and mental retardation. In addition, EBD disorders are not sorted out from other disabilities and placed in separate categories, as you will see in this summary of the seven categories that contain EBD disorders:
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